The New Jersey Senate was established as the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature by the Constitution of 1844, replacing the Legislative Council. There are 40 legislative districts, representing districts with average populations of 232,225 (2020 figure). Each district has one senator and two members of the New Jersey General Assembly, the lower house of the legislature. Prior to the election in which they are chosen, senators must be a minimum of 30 years old and a resident of the state for four years to be eligible to serve in office.Add New Jersey State House and other attractions to your Trenton trip itinerary using our Trenton itinerary builder website.
From 1844 until 1965 (when redistricting could be done following the Reynolds v. Sims decision), each county was an electoral district electing one senator. Under the 1844 Constitution the term of office was three years, which was changed to four years with the 1947 Constitution. Since 1968 the Senate has consisted of 40 senators, who are elected in a "2-4-4" cycle. Senators serve a two-year term at the beginning of each decade, with the rest of the decade divided into two four-year terms. The "2-4-4" cycle was put into place so that Senate elections can reflect the changes made to the district boundaries on the basis of the decennial United States Census. If the cycle were not put into place, then the boundaries would sometimes be four years out of date before being used for Senate elections. Rather, with the varied term, the boundaries are only two years out of date. Thus elections for Senate seats take place in years ending with a "1", "3", or "7" (i.e. next elections in 2023, 2027, and 2031).
Interim appointments are made to fill vacant legislative seats by the county committee or committees of the party of the vacating person (since a constitutional amendment passed on November 8, 1988). The office is on the ballot for the next general election, even if the other Senate seats are not up for election in that year (such as in years ending with a "5" or "9", such as 2009 or 2015). The sole exception to this is if the vacancy occurred within 51 days of the election, in which case the appointment stands until the following general election.
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Tours to New Jersey State House
New Jersey State House reviews
Our guide was wonderful. The tour started with a wonderful stained glass art piece in the annex building. Unfortunately, the rotunda and Governor's offices have been under construction for years and..... more
Our guide was wonderful. The tour started with a wonderful stained glass art piece in the annex building. Unfortunately, the rotunda and Governor's offices have been under construction for years and..... more »
Totally closed and covered in scaffolding. Nothing on website indicates this. Sad that no one in government has responsibility for this. It's like they don't have any pride in their own capitol.
Totally closed and covered in scaffolding. Nothing on website indicates this. Sad that no one in government has responsibility for this. It's like they don't have any pride in their own capitol. more »
I took the free tour (you just have to call ahead and get your name on the list) and it was excellent. Erica was a lot of fun and provided many interesting facts about the building and how the Jersey government functions. Highly recommended.
I will be honest, this was a really bad state capitol, and I have been to many. Outside of the scaffolding which I know is temporary, it is not in the nicest style; state capitols usually have loads of statues and memorials, but this one only had the WWII, for which the one star is given, because it is admittedly very nice. Other than that, it is not in a nice place, and when you try to take a photo from the other side, you are/will be in the road. Lastly, it isn’t even open on weekends like every other state Capitol I’ve been to, and there are no self-guided tours. If you’re wondering why Jersey is so poorly run, look no further than here. I’d take a photo then get outta there.
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