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Trip Planner South America  /  Paraguay  /  Guaira Department

Guaira Department

Mountains · Parks · Waterfalls
Guairá is a department in Paraguay. The capital is the city of Villarrica.It covers a surface of 3846km2, with a population of 178,130 inhabitants (2002). One can arrive there by taking the Number 8 Blas Garay Road. It was founded on May 14, 1570, by Ruiz Diaz de Melgarejo.HistoryUntil circa the 19th century, the departmenti was called La Guayra or Guairá, or also La Pineria ; the region was under the jurisdiction of Cabildo de Asunción on the east of the Paraguay River until the line of the Tratado de Tordesillas. This place was also site of the first great Jesuit mission of Guayra, having the borders around the northern limits, the Paranapanema River, or according to other versions, the Tiete River, and the Iguazu River on the south.It used to be called Guayra o Guaira, a large territory that currently corresponds to the state of Parana. From the 16th to 18th centuries, the Spanish founded cities, and the Jesuits founded some reservations, also under the Spanish jurisdiction, such as San Ignacio Guazu, Santa Maria del Iguazu Pirapo, Loreto, etc.Such cities were devastated by the bandeirantes, and they had to migrate a great part of the population to the west of the Parana River or to the south of the Iguazu River .
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Places to visit in Guaira Department