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Trip Planner Asia  /  Nepal  /  Central Region  /  Janakpur Zone  /  Janakpur


Sacred & Religious Sites · Landmarks · Historic Sites
Janakpur is the capital of Dhanusa District in Nepal. The city is a centre for religious and cultural tourism.The city is also known as Janakpurdham, which was founded in the early 18th century. According to oral tradition, an earlier city existed in the area, also known as Janakpurdham, which was the capital of the Videha dynasty that ruled Ancient Mithila.The city is located about 123km south-east of Kathmandu. As of 2015, the city had a population of 169,287.The Nepal Railways used to operate between Janakpur and India.HistoryAccounts of ascetics, pandits and bards indicate that Janakpurdham was founded in the early 18th century. The earliest description of Janakpurdham as a pilgrimage site dates to 1805. Earlier archaeological evidence of the presence of an ancient city has not been found. According to the Hindu epic Ramayana, King Janak of Videha's palace was located in ancient Janakpur, the capital of the Videha Kingdom. He is said to have found a baby girl in a furrow, named her Sita and raised her as his daughter. When she was older, he offered her in marriage to anyone who was able to lift the bow of Shiva, left near Janakpur a thousand years earlier. Many royal suitors tried, but only Rama, prince of Ayodhya, could lift the bow. According to an old song, this bow was found northeast of Janakpur.
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