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Temple of Apollo, Pompeii

#10 of 48 in Historic Sites in Pompeii
Ruin · Hidden Gem · Religious Site
The Temple of Apollo is a Roman temple built in 120 BC and dedicated to the Greek and Roman god Apollo in the ancient Roman town of Pompeii, southern Italy.
Located in the forum (market place) and facing the northern side of the town, it is the town's most important religious building and has ancient origins. The cult of Apollo, imported from Greece, was widespread in Campania, and from excavations in the temple's vicinity has been shown to have been present in Pompeii since the 6th century BC. The sanctuary's present appearance dates from its 2nd-century BC rebuild, and a further reconstruction to repair damage from the 62 earthquake, repairs which were left incomplete at the time of the eruption. The temple, in the center of a sacred enclosure, was surrounded on all four sides by a wide series of tuff columns from Nocera, originally grooved and with Ionic capitals, that were being replaced with stucco columns and Corinthian capitals painted in yellow, red and dark blue.

The elegant Doric architrave of metopes and triglyphs resting on the columns was transformed into a continuous frieze with griffins, festoons and foliage. Today, the remains of the temple front appear as they originally did, since almost all of this transformation in plaster has disappeared. Some statues of a deity have been recovered, facing the columns of the portico, and are now in the National Archeological Museum of Naples, though copies of two of them – one representing Apollo, the other a bust of Diana – have been placed where the originals were found.

The temple itself, a peripteros with 48 Ionic columns, was on a high podium and entered up an imposing set of steps, in a fusion of Greek and Italic architectural ideas. Unusually, the cella is sited further back with respect to the peristyle. In front of the steps may still be seen a white marble altar on a travertine base, with a Latin inscription giving the names of the quattuorviri who dedicated it. To side of the steps is an Ionic column that supported a sundial.

In the side of the perimeter wall of the Temple of Apollo, facing onto the town's forum, a niche is extracted containing the mensa ponderaria; the table with the town's official measures, to guarantee the citizen against fraudulent shopkeepers and merchandise.

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  • Situated in the Forum. I understood more fully how the forum was composed. With Temple at one end flanked by stores and other temples.  more »
  • Make sure to set time aside to visit the Temple of Apollo when you visit Pompeii. There is not a lot left of it, but it is amazing to see.  more »
  • Pompeii (/pɒmˈpeɪi/) was an ancient Romancity near modern Naples in the Campaniaregion of Italy, in the territory of the comuneof Pompei. Pompeii, along with Herculaneumand many villas in the surrounding area (e.g. at Boscoreale, Stabiae), was buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of volcanic ash and pumicein the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. Volcanic ash typically buried inhabitants who did not escape the lethal effects of the earthquake and eruption. Largely preserved under the ash, the excavated city offers a unique snapshot of Roman life, frozen at the moment it was buried and providing an extraordinarily detailed insight into the everyday life of its inhabitants. Organic remains, including wooden objects and human bodies, were entombed in the ash and decayed away, making natural molds; and excavators used these to make plaster casts, unique and often gruesome figures from the last minutes of the catastrophe. The numerous graffiti carved on the walls and inside rooms provides a wealth of examples of the largely lost Vulgar Latinspoken colloquially, contrasting with the formal language of the classical writers. Pompeii is a UNESCO World Heritage Sitestatus and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy, with approximately 2.5 million visitors every year. Excavations recommenced in several unexplored areas of the city, and in 2018 new discoveries were reported.
  • pretty cool, took a photo and sat on some of the pillars. although i cant find it, elsewhere in Pompeii i saw dead people so thats a plus .

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