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Trip Planner Europe  /  Italy  /  Sardinia  /  Province of Carbonia-Iglesias  /  Carloforte

Carloforte

4.2
Beaches · Nightlife · Scuba & Snorkeling
Carloforte is a fishing and resort town of located on Isola di San Pietro, approximately 7km off the southwestern coast of Sardinia, in southern Sardinia, Italy.HistoryAccording to a legend, a local church was founded in the early 14th century in honour of hundreds of participants to the so-called Children's Crusade of 1212 who perished in a shipwreck just off the island on their way to North Africa during a gale. The church, called Chiesa dei Novelli Innocenti and is located within the town perimeter, is not currently used as a church ; it was the only evident remainder of building found at the time of colonization in 1739.Carloforte was founded in the 18th century by around 30 families of coral fishers, originally from the Ligurian town of Pegli, near Genoa. They had left their hometown in 1541, and had settled in the island of Tabarka, off the coast of Tunisia, to fish for coral. After centuries, the coral in that area was exhausted and the families, while setting off back to Italy, found there was plenty of coral in the sea off the Sardinian west coast. They asked the King of Piedmont-Sardinia Charles Emmanuel III for permission to settle down on the once uninhabited San Pietro Island instead. When he granted them permission, the island was colonized ; the name Carloforte was given to the town they then proceeded to found, in the Piedmontese king's honour. To this day, Carloforte maintains strong cultural ties with the mainland towns of Pegli and Genoa: the population still speaks a variety of Ligurian language called tabarchìn, separate from both Italian and Sardinian, which is used even by most children and taught in the island's schools.
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