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Tiryns, Nafplio

#3 of 11 in Historic Sites in Nafplio
World heritage site · Historic Walking Area · Tourist Spot
Tiryns or (Ancient Greek: Τίρυνς; Modern Greek: Τίρυνθα) is a Mycenaean archaeological site in Argolis in the Peloponnese, and the location from which mythical hero Heracles performed his Twelve Labours.

Tiryns was a hill fort with occupation ranging back seven thousand years, from before the beginning of the Bronze Age. It reached its height between 1400 and 1200 BC, when it was one of the most important centers of the Mycenaean world, and in particular in Argolis. Its most notable features were its palace, its Cyclopean tunnels and especially its walls, which gave the city its Homeric epithet of "mighty walled Tiryns". Tiryns is linked with the myths surrounding Heracles, as the city was the residence of the hero during his labors, and some sources even cite it as his birthplace.
The famous megaron of the palace of Tiryns has a large reception hall, the main room of which had a throne placed against the right wall and a central hearth bordered by four Minoan-style wooden columns that served as supports for the roof. Two of the three walls of the megaron were incorporated into an archaic temple of Hera.

The site went into decline at the end of the Mycenaean period, and was completely deserted by the time Pausanias visited in the 2nd century AD. This site was excavated by Heinrich Schliemann in 1884–1885, and is the subject of ongoing excavations by the German Archaeological Institute at Athens and the University of Heidelberg. In 1300 BC the citadel and lower town had a population of 10,000 people covering 20–25 hectares. Despite the destruction of the palace in 1200 BC, the city population continued to increase and by 1150 BC it had a population of 15,000 people.
Tiryns was recognized as a World Heritage Site in 1999.
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342 reviews
  • Nafplio has three outstanding sites to visit in its vicinity - Mycenae, Epidaurus and Palamidi fortress, and they overwhelm every other. We were driving from Mycenae to Nafplio when accidentally...  more »
  • Cycling from Nafplio to Mycenae, the ruins at Tiryns are difficult to miss; we pulled in, paid the admission and spent about 30 minutes. (We easily could have spent much more time, but our cycling...  more »
  • Really great place to visit. Not as big as Mycene but just as lovely. Don't forget to visit the honey pot tomb which is a few minutes away by car.
  • We payed 4 Euro to go inside. But we could not find any signs to read something about this place. Also there was no protection from the sun. It was beautiful though.

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